8 Rules of Lexical Definitions

A definition is unclear whether its meaning remains hidden due to erroneous or inappropriate language. A source of darkness is language that is too technical. Compare the following two definitions: „Hare” refers to a mammal of the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha, whose young are born without fur and blind. Bunny‟ means a rabbit. Here are the grammatically correct definitions of the above terms: A definition, like any other form of expression, must be grammatically correct. For example, the following definitions are grammatically incorrect: Of the following two definitions, the first is affirmative, the second negative: „Concord” means harmony. „Harmony” means the absence of discord. In Lesson 3, we discussed five types of definitions. Of these definitions, the lexical definition is the most important and common type of definition that we often use in our daily lives.

In this lesson, we will see the common rules of lexical definitions. The only types of lexical definitions that tend to be sensitive to any of these gaps are synonymous definitions and definitions by gender and difference. With synonymous definitions, care must be taken to ensure that the definians is really a synonym of the definiendum. With regard to definitions by gender and by difference, it must be ensured that the specific difference restricts gender as it should. Some operational definitions also include the danger of circularity: „time” refers to everything measured by a clock. If a lexical definition is to be given in the form of an operational definition or in relation to one of the forms of extension definition, it should normally be supplemented by one of the other forms of intensional definition, preferably by definition by gender and difference. An operational definition should be completed because, as we noted above, it often conveys only part of the intensional meaning of a word, and this part often misses the essential meaning as a whole. As for extended definitions, at best they can only suggest the essential meaning of a word; they cannot determine it exactly. Therefore, no adequate lexical definition can consist solely of extension definitions. Sometimes the problem of circularity arises in the context of pairs of definitions. The following pair is circular: „Science” refers to the activity carried out by scientists.

Scientific means all those who deal with science. „Communism” means that „brilliant” invention of Karl Marx and other foolish political visionaries in which national wealth must be held together by the people. This rule applies to any definition where the context of the definitions is important to the meaning of the definition. Examples: „Hitting” means (in baseball) a field in which a hitter swings and misses. „Hitting” means (in bowling) the act of dropping all the pins with the first ball in a frame. „Hitting” means (when fishing) a pull on a line made by a fish when catching the bait. Rule 4: A lexical definition should avoid circularity. However, some words are negative in themselves. For them, a negative definition is quite appropriate. Affective terminology is any type of word use that plays with the emotions of the reader or listener.

It includes sarcastic and multifaceted language and any other type of language capable of influencing attitudes. For example, a definition may not be useful if it does not convey the essential meaning of the definition endum. Any definition that defines the word „human” as „featherless biped‖, for example, may not be useful because it does not convey the essential meaning of „human,” as the word is used in ordinary English. It says nothing about the important attributes that distinguish humans from other animals, namely the ability to argue and use language at a demanding level. Therefore, a more appropriate definition would be „`human` means the animal that has the ability to argue and speak.” If a definition is too broad, it includes too much; If it is too narrow, the definition contains too little. For example, if the term „bird” were defined as any warm-blooded animal with wings, the definition would be too broad, as it would include bats and bats are not birds. If, on the other hand, the term „bird” were defined as any warm-blooded, feathered animal that can fly, the definition would be too narrow, as it would exclude ostriches that cannot fly. DIRECT RESISTANCE TO ATTACKS The PA or APA must be involved in the implementation.

This definition does not identify who has control over how they exercise control and what they control. A screen locks B Application Management C Geofencing D Containerization Response D Participants openly bid against each other what each subsequent auction required It is not always necessary to refer explicitly to the context, but at least the phraseology of the definers must indicate the context. Rule 6: A lexical definition should avoid figurative, obscure, vague or ambiguous terms. Certainly, a person would need to know what „time” means before they can understand the purpose of a watch. Question 3 Correct 100 out of 100 Good or bad in a business environment. Rule 1: A lexical definition must meet the standards of appropriate grammar. DIF Recall REF p 780 OBJ 13 107 Important points to consider when planning fiber optics We, as competent English speakers, know that the two negations cancel each other out At other times, a definition can be inherently circular. Of the following, the first is a synonymous definition, the second a definition by gender and difference: „Calm” means rest. „Silence” means the state of silence.

Holidays are when you don`t need to go to work or school. Angry means when you are angry with someone. „Leave” means a period during which the activity is suspended by work or school. „Angry” means a state in which one is angry. p. 83 Which area of the female anatomy can change noticeably from narrow to loose. A definition is ambiguous if it lends itself to more than one different interpretation. The research survey is a necessary aspect of stock assessment, because such. Rule 2: A lexical definition must convey the essential meaning of the word to be defined.

Rule 5: A lexical definition should not be negative if it can be positive. Rule 3: A lexical definition should not be too broad or narrow. The problem lies not in the technical language as such, but in the useless technical language. Since „rabbit” is a very non-technical term, no technical definition is required. However, some words are technical in themselves, and for them only a technical definition is appropriate. A definition is vague if it lacks precision or if its meaning is fuzzy – that is, if there is no way to tell exactly what class of things the definitions refer to. Example: „Democracy” means a kind of government in which the people are in control. Does this mean that each angle individually is equal to 180 or that the angles together are equal to 180? Both interpretations are possible given the ambiguous meaning of „all angles are equal to 180”. Technically, the definition should be enclosed in quotation marks or italics, but this convention is not always followed. 27 Hulag`s behavior at the finish can be described as calmly confident Example: „Triangle” means a figure consisting of three straight lines in which all angles are equal to 180.

Limited resources must be allocated among the parties For each gain of a part Rule 8: A lexical definition must specify the context to which the definitions relate. A definition is pictorial when it contains metaphors or tends to paint an image rather than reveal the essential meaning of a term. Example: „Camel” means a desert ship.